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14 November 2017, 06:05 | Silvia Roy
Who gets CPR from bystanders? Depends if it's a man or woman
"It can be kind of daunting thinking about pushing hard and fast on the center of a woman's chest" and some people may fear they are hurting her, said Audrey Blewer, a University of Pennsylvania researcher who led the study.
In a new research presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions on Sunday, Nov. 12, researchers looked at the data of more than 19,000 individuals who had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest to examine gender difference when it comes to receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
For the study, presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2017, researchers evaluated 19,331 cardiac events using data from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium, a network of regional clinical centres in the United States and Canada which study out-of-hospital treatments of cardiac arrest and trauma. By the time men were discharged from the hospital, their odds of survival were 23 percent greater compared to women.
Research at University of Pennsylvania found fears of a woman's frailty and about touching her breasts keep bystanders from administering CPR more often on women than men. Researchers found that about 35 percent of women received in-home CPR, which is not significantly lagging behind the 36 percent of men who received CPR at home. "Our work highlights the fact that there's still so much to learn about who learns CPR, who delivers CPR and how best to train people to respond to emergencies". "Regardless of someone's gender or how their body is shaped, delivering bystander CPR during cardiac arrest is absolutely critical, as it has been proven to double and even triple a victim's chance of survival", said Blewer.
According to a study released previous year, women are less likely to receive several different potentially life-saving procedures after cardiac arrest.
These findings identify a gap in bystander CPR delivery that can help improve future messaging and training to lay responders, health care providers and dispatchers.
As long as women are underrepresented in clinical trials, we will continue to lack data to make accurate clinical decisions on 51 percent of the worlds population, said authors in a specialized womens issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes in 2016 that drew attention to the issue.
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