September 26, 2018

Air Pollution Can Cause Diabetes Even At 'Safe' Levels Says Study

04 July 2018, 04:03 | Edward Lowe

Air Pollution Can Cause Diabetes Even At 'Safe' Levels Says Study

Air Pollution Can Cause Diabetes Even At 'Safe' Levels Says Study

In the United States, air pollution was linked to 150,000 new cases of diabetes per year.

Connection of air pollution, even when it moves to levels considered safe, with an increased risk for diabetes worldwide, states new American scientific research.

Finally, the researchers analyzed data from the Global Burden of Disease study, which is conducted annually with contributions from researchers worldwide. Air pollution is thought to trigger inflammation and reduce the ability of the pancreas to manage insulin production.

But researchers at the Washington University School of Medicine at St. Louis said that pollution could also play a big role in causing diabetes. "Evidence shows that these current levels are still not healthy enough and need to be lowered", said Professor Ziyad Al-Aly.

The researchers examined the relationship between particulate matter and the risk of diabetes by first analysing data from 1.7 million USA veterans.

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Among a sample of veterans exposed to pollution at a level between 5 to 10 micrograms per cubic meter of air, about 21 percent developed diabetes.

When that exposure increases to 11.9 to 13.6 micrograms per cubic metre of air, about 24 per cent of the group developed diabetes.

Several statistical models were used to test the validity and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, which exhibited a strong link to air pollution.

Diabetes is one of the fastest growing illnesses in the world, and 420 million people suffer from it globally.

The risk does not dissipate, researchers warned, even if the pollution is at levels deemed "safe" by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

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The researchers that every year nearly 14 percent of all cases of diabetes are caused by the pollution.

A U.S. study has now tied air pollution to diabetes. The lack of environmental mitigation systems and clean-air policies in "poverty stricken countries" such as India, Afghanistan, Papua New Guinea and Guyana cause pollution-related diabetes to be higher than in richer countries like France, Finland and Iceland. As per new research, even the pollution level of the country can significantly affect the increase in cases of diabetic patients.

Air pollution has been more and more associated with type 2 diabetes in recent years, and while the exact mechanisms behind this link are not clear, scientists have suggested that where people live and their income could be noteworthy factors. Countries such as France, Finland, and Iceland experience a lower risk, while the US sees a moderate risk of pollution-related diabetes.

A study from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis collaborated with the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System. A member of the Lancet Commission on Health and Pollution; Landrigan stated that the latest report is triggering one and credibly fit with new air pollution knowledge and a couple of chronic diseases, thus the clean air standards can be directly linked to the rising diseases and mortality rate. The US is at a moderate risk level for pollution-related diabetes.

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