October 16, 2018

Japanese, American scientists win Nobel Prize for breakthrough cancer treatment

03 October 2018, 06:45 | Silvia Roy

American-Japanese duo wins 2018 Nobel Medicine Prize for landmark cancer research

Nobel Prize for Medicine jointly awarded to two cancer researchers from US and Japan

I got into them because I wanted to know how T-cells worked. The cancer-produced protein suppresses the immune system's ability to fighting cancer tumors.

Honjo, a professor in the Department of Immunology and Genomic Medicine at Japan's Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, discovered PD-1 on the surface of immune cells in 1992 and later demonstrated that the protein inhibited immune response.

The 9 million-kronor ($1.01 million) prize was announced Monday by the Nobel Assembly of Sweden's Karolinska Institute.

But 800 clinical trials were in progress worldwide and more than 30 drugs under development as of June, according to the American Cancer Society. The skin cancer disappeared in several cases.

Capping off the science prizes, the award for chemistry will follow on Wednesday.

The therapy is created to remove this protein "brake" and allow the immune system to more quickly get to work fighting the cancer.

"I never dreamed my research would take the direction it has", Allison said.

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He said Allison's work a decade ago "really opened up immunotherapy" as a fifth pillar of cancer treatments, after surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and precision therapy. "And I thought, 'If we could do that in people, this is going to be fantastic'". "Immunotherapy is going to be part, it's not going to replace the others, but it's going to be part of the therapy that essentially all cancer patients are going to be receiving in 5 years".

James P. Allison was born 1948 in Alice, Texas, USA.

"I've had a lot of cancer in my family".

"Cancer kills millions of people every year and is one of humanity's greatest health challenges", the Nobel committee said on Twitter. I saw the ravages of those kinds of treatments.

What makes cancer so hard to target and treat is its ability to outsmart the immune system in different ways.

Abe called into a news conference that Honjo was speaking at on Monday after the immunologist won the 2018 medicine prize.

T cells are key immune system soldiers.

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Allison has dedicated his career developing strategies for cancer immunotherapy and now works at the MD Anderson cancer center in Houston.

Dr. Jedd Wolchok, chief of the melanoma and immunotherapeutics service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in NY, said: "An untold number of lives. have been saved by the science that they pioneered".

The Nobel Assembly announced Allison and Honjo as the medicine laureates at 11:30 a.m. Sweden time (4:30 a.m. Houston time) before worldwide members of the press and an online live feed. He is married to physician Padmanee Sharma, a scientific collaborator and a specialist in renal, bladder and prostate cancers at M.D. Anderson.

What effect do they have on cancers?

He announced about a year later that he no longer needed treatment.

Allison is the first MD Anderson scientist to receive the world's most preeminent award for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

Despite little initial interest from the pharmaceutical industry, that antibody became ipilimumab, which in 2011 was approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat metastatic melanoma.

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