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11 October 2018, 06:59 | Silvia Roy
CC BY-SA 2.0
The Food and Drug Administration stretched its approval for the HPV vaccine that includes both women and men between the age group 27 to 45, making an effort in protecting more people from various types of cancer those are caused by the above-mentioned virus.
"Today's approval represents an important opportunity to help prevent HPV-related diseases and cancers in a broader age range", said Peter Marks, the director of the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research.
Gardasil 9 (HPV 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant), a vaccine for the prevention of HPV, has been approved by the FDA for use in males and females aged 9 through 45 years. Gardasil 9 prevents certain cancers and diseases caused by the nine HPV types covered by the vaccine. That's huge when you consider an estimated 13,240 women get cervical cancer each year and 4,170 die from it, according to the American Cancer Society. In women 24 through 45, the original Gardasil was about 90 percent effective three years after the women received a third dose. It no longer is distributed in the United States because a new version of the vaccine, Gardasil 9, covers the same four HPV types and an additional five types. Most cases resolve spontaneously and without symptoms, but some variants of HPV - there are more than 170 - can lead to genital warts and are associated with cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, mouth and throat. HPV is linked to cervical, anal and oral cancers. "At higher risk are people who have had multiple sexual partners in recent years and are still sexually active, or who are sexually active for the first time in many years, perhaps because of a relationship change". This year Merck the manufacturers of vaccine requested the expansion of the age range, and FDA granted the application in June. But new data show the vaccine can also benefit older adults because they are not often exposed to all nine strains covered by the vaccine.
Regarding prevention and treatment, Brown recommends the HPV vaccine, widely provided to everyone regardless of sex, gender, or sexual orientation before sexual debut, and for genital wart treatment.
She and Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University, said people over 26 began asking doctors about the vaccine. Around 14 million new cases, including in teens, are reported every year.
The FDA used these data, as well as up updated long-term follow-up data from the study, as the basis for increasing the approved age up to 45 for Gardasil 9 in women.
MostHPV infections, including potentially cancer-causing varieties, go away on their own, the National Cancer Institute says. Two doses are needed for those vaccinated before 15, while three are recommended for older people.
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