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07 November 2018, 08:18 | Silvia Roy
Pediatrics Group to Parents: No Spanking, Yelling
The policy statement describes corporal punishment as "noninjurious, open-handed hitting with the intention of modifying child behavior" and indicates that spanking is considered a form of such physical punishment. "The new policy encourages pediatricians to discuss the data about different kinds of discipline with parents so, of course, they can make their own decisions in how they chose to raise their children".
The organization's new guidelines argue spankings make children more aggressive and can lead to future health problems, according to NBC News.
It will also be published online November 5 in Pediatrics.
"In the 20 years since that policy was first published, there's been a great deal of additional research, and we're now much stronger in saying that parents should never hit their child and never use verbal insults that would humiliate or shame the child", said Dr. Robert Sege, first author of the policy statement and a pediatrician at the Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center in Boston.
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And that's what it really is all about."Americans still strongly believe in beating, spanking or paddling children, both at home and in school."According to a 2004 survey, approximately two-thirds of parents of young children reported using some sort of physical punishment", the pediatrics group said."These parents reported that by fifth grade, 80 percent of children had been physically punished, and 85 percent of teenagers reported exposure to physical punishment, with 51 percent having been hit with a belt or similar object."And in 2013, a Harris Interactive poll found that 70 percent of parents agreed with the statement that "good, hard spanking is sometimes necessary to discipline a child", although that's down from 84 percent of parents in 1986.But things are changing, Sege said."If you limit your surveys to people who have a child aged 5 years and younger in their homes, who are a new generation of parents, a lot of them don't like to spank their children and often don't spank their children", he said. So it's hard for anybody to say spanking a child causes that child later on to be more aggressive, even though there are theories to suggest that could be why the correlation exists", Ryan said".
"What we talk to parents about is paying attention to your child's good behavior and paying less attention when they're misbehaving", Sege said.
She emphasized that preparing children to be successful in day-to-day activities may work better than falling back on corporal punishment. "Parents who suffer from depression tended to use corporal punishment more frequently". Teenagers in countries with a full corporal punishment ban are less likely to engage in fistfights.
He added, "The loving relationship between a child and their parents is the most important relationship that there is". Almost 75 per cent of children surveyed by the study's authors had "resumed the same behaviour for which they had been punished" within just 10 minutes of being spanked.
These provisions include: the child is between the ages of two and 12, the person doesn't use an object (like a belt or stick) to apply the force, the child's head isn't hit or slapped, the seriousness of what the child did isn't relevant, and the force is used to help a child learn and isn't used out of anger, according to the Department of Justice.
"Positive reinforcement for alternative behaviors is extremely effective", it says.
It is more effective to use discipline methods that are calm and controlled, such as by setting clear rules and expectations, being consistent and rewarding positive behaviour, the statement says.
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