Washington measles outbreak soars to 48 cases while other states grapple with the disease
Reports that some people are self-medicating with vitamin A have also surfaced, leading the Washington State Department of Health to warn in a tweet that vitamin A has no effect on measles and that "the only way to avoid getting measles is to be vaccinated against it". High fever, rash all over the body, stuffy nose and reddened eyes are typical measles symptoms, though these usually disappear without treatment within two or three weeks. "Measles for most people causes a mild illness that they recover from a certain percentage will need to be hospitalized". Now there's concern some of the people exposed to the highly contagious disease may have traveled, putting countless others at risk. In Europe, in the fast half of 2018, there were more than 41.000 cases, which is a very high record for a post-vaccine era. Complications are more common in young children and adults.
Supplements of vitamin A, which supports the immune system and the eyes, have been shown to reduce the number of deaths from measles by 50%, World Health Organization reports. So what can you do to help keep measles out of this community? Clark County reported that 42 of the 49 patients had not been vaccinated against measles.
The Houston outbreak comes as new cases of measles are being confirmed in Washington state on a daily basis, and other cases have been confirmed in Oregon, Georgia, and NY. In total, at least 79 cases have been reported across the country in 2019. Approximately 30 percent of reported cases have one or more complications including pneumonia, ear infections or diarrhea. "SSPE has been almost eliminated with widespread measles vaccination". And the measles virus is one of the most infectious diseases out there. Before mass vaccination, 400 to 500 people in the USA died of the measles every year. Vaccination resulted in an 80% drop in worldwide measles deaths between 2000 and 2017.
Last week, 9 children died within a day due to measles, De Guzman added.
"There's a reason why the World Health Organization and the CDC came out in the early 2000s to say that measles is nearly eradicated in the sense that, you know it pops up every once in a while". The CDC notes that two doses of the MMR vaccine are 97 percent effective, while one dose is 93 percent effective.
But physicians and researchers have known for decades now that the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine is safe and effective.
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Experts recommend that children receive the vaccine in two doses: the first between the ages of 12 months and 15 months and the second between 4 and 6 years old.
Washington and OR are among 17 states that allow some type of non-medical exemption for vaccines for "personal, moral OR other beliefs", according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.
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