The breakthrough came from an incredibly rare genetic mutation.
"Until then, the emphasis needs to remain on prompt diagnosis of HIV and initiation of life-long combination antiretroviral therapy", Freedman said in a statement. The investigators plan to publish their report on Tuesday in the journal Nature and are to present some of the details at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Seattle, the Timesreported.
Adalja noted that although the Berlin patient and the London patient received similar treatments, the Berlin patient's treatment was more intense - he received two bone-marrow transplants in addition to whole-body irradiation (radiation exposure to the whole body).
So could stem cell transplants lead to cures for some of our most vexing diseases?
Only one other patient who has been cured from HIV is Timothy Ray Brown from Berlin. The Guardina Newspaper in United Kingdom also reported that a London patient with HIV has become the second person ever to be free of the virus after a bone marrow transplant, raising hopes of a cure for Aids.
The London, U.K. patient has not been identified. In 2012, he was diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma, a type of blood cancer that required treatment with a bone-marrow transplant, also known as hematopoietic stem cell transplant.
Compared to Brown, the London patient had a less punishing form of chemotherapy to get ready for the transplant, didn't have radiation and had only a mild reaction to the transplant.
Nevertheless, the researchers are clear: "At 18 months post-treatment interruption it is premature to conclude that this patient has been cured".
Scientists are looking at finding a way to inject a patient with modified immune cells that can resist the HIV virus.
Only 59 percent of the 37 million people worldwide infected with HIV receive antiretroviral therapy (ARV) while about 35 million people have been killed since its outbreak in the 1980s. "While more than 21 million take drugs that keep them alive and reduce the spread, an estimated 1.8 million people were newly infected in 2017".
The patient, who prefers to remain anonymous, remains HIV-free to date. So far, 38 people living with HIV have received bone marrow transplants from one of these donors, and their progress is being tracked. The new patient, treated by doctors in Europe and nicknamed "the London patient" for anonymity, mirrors a similar case from over a decade ago, which scientists have spent years trying to replicate.
Pope: Vatican next year to open archives on wartime Pius XII
During World War II , the Vatican tried to remain neutral and did not officially denounce Nazism, The Washington Post reports . Vatican archivists had already started preparing the documents for consultation back in 2006, at the request of Benedict XVI.
Early starters Im and Mitchell lead Honda Classic
Hansen (16 holes) was tied for the lead with first-round leader Kurt Kitayama (13 holes) on six-under when play was called off. The Honda Classic, held at PGA National Resort & Spa, brings the world's best golfers to Palm Beach Gardens, Florida.
Algerians Protest 5th Term Run of President Bouteflika
The protests are peaceful on the whole but small clashes have erupted with the police close to the presidential palace. Students gathered in their thousands on Sunday at university faculties, one of them near the Constitutional Council .
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Targets Jerry Falwell Jr
Chakrabarti's campaigns raised $3.3 million and diverted more than $1 million to his companies, the Washington Examiner reported. I've got a full-time job in Congress and then I moonlight as America's greatest villain, or as the new hope.